At the time of the eruption, Herculaneum counted approximately 4,000 inhabitants and covered about 20 hectares contained within the city walls, of which just a small part overlooking the sea can be seen today.
Just 4.5 hectares are currently open to visitors, while some important public or private buildings, excavated through underground passageways in the 1700s, are inaccessible today (the Basilica Noniana and the so-called Basilica) or are located outside the archaeological site, such as the Theatre and the ‘Villa of the Papyri’.
The urban layout is structured around three decumani, in other words northwest/southeast roads, only two of which have been dug ‘in the open air’, intersected by five cardi perpendicular to the decumani and to the shoreline, of which the third, fourth and fifth can be seen. These roads, surfaced with blocks of lava and with pavementson either side do not have the grooves made by the passage of carts to be found in Pompeii, obviously because, at least in the area already dug out, goods were transported by porters or mules.
A series of itineraries have been created to offer the tourist the most interesting aspects they can expect to encounter by visiting the ruins of Herculaneum.
HERCULANEUM 56,4 km from Maiori
Information office +39 081 8566484